What is Cancer ?

Humans are made up of cells. Within each cell are genes which direct and control all the cell's functions and determine how and when it divides and grows. Normal cells divide and grow at a controlled rate. How fast or slow a cell divides and grows, and what function it does, depends on the gene within that cell. Cancer begins as a change in the gene of a single normal cell in any part of the body. Once this change takes place, the set of instructions in the gene is changed and the cell no longer acts like it normally does. "Cancer" is actually due to the accumulation of many such errors.

Other than the word cancer, several other terms are sometimes used to describe the type of cancer that arises from different tissues in the body.

Tumour - lump or growth usually from the primary or original site.

Neoplasia - commonly known as cancer.

Carcinoma - cancer that originates from epithelial tissues.

Sarcoma - cancer that originates from connective tissues such as muscles.

Leukaemia and Lymphoma - cancers that arise from blood and lymphatic cells.

A malignant tumour has the ability to spread from its original site into surrounding tissues and to other parts of the body. When that happens, the area where the cancer has invaded will have the same kind of abnormal cell and the same name as the original cancer. For example, if lung cancer spreads to the liver, the cancer cells in the liver are still lung cancer cells. This condition is called metastatic lung cancer. It is not liver cancer.

A benign (non-cancerous) tumour does not spread or invade other parts of the body.

more from .. National Cancer Centre Singapore

How is Cancer Exercises a medicine to help patients?

What can our Medical Fitness for Cancer (MFFC) do for you or your love one?

Our Medical Fitness for Cancer program was developed for improving the health and fitness of a current and post cancer patient. We practise professionals high level of mastery and work with cancer patients during and after cancer surgery and treatment and into survivorship. Unlike a usual fitness trainer, we hve better understanding of the entire cancer process from diagnosis and treatment to reconstruction and survivorship. The program’s unique and individualized programming will help to improve the patient’s ability to cope with the mental and physical stress following cancer diagnosis and treatment.

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